Heritage Park Zoo Hosts Annual ERAU Open House

By Lucas Widner
Correspondent/Layout Editor/Photographer

On the evening of the first day of the fall semester, Aug. 27, the Heritage Park Zoo across the street from campus was alive with the excitement and fascination of Embry-Riddle students.

The event was the Heritage Park Zoo’s annual night for Embry-Riddle students, faculty, and staff to explore the variety of incredible animals that live so close to our school.

Throughout the evening, hundreds of students drove or walked across the street to participate in the unique event.

Students mingled while eating hot dogs from the Turbo food cart, professors chatted with students while their children played on the playground, and Board of Campus Activities (BCA) volunteers served popcorn as peacocks roamed around the wide open grass field in the center of the zoo.

As the sun began to set, some animals like the black bear became more active, while others such as the lynx laid down to rest after a long day playing out in the sun.

The Heritage Park Zoological Sanctuary is a non-profit organization that hopes to inspire conservation through education.

They do so by rescuing and caring for animals from the local area that have been hurt or can no longer live on their own.

This event serves as a good reminder to everyone how important it is to conserve our environmental resources and help the animals whose habitats have been impacted by the spread of human urbanization.

Some of the animals at the Heritage Park Zoo have been rescued due to injuries caused by humans, and need careful watch to recover to health.

Students are encouraged to visit the zoo later in the semester for some of their popular events, such as a Breakfast with the Bears event on September 8th, Sip and Paint (21 and up) on September 22nd, Zoo by Moonlight on September 24th, Taste of the Wild (21 and up) on October 7th, and Breakfast with the Mexican Grey Wolves on October 13th.

If you are unable to make it to any of these special events, but still want to enjoy the zoo, it is open daily with student entry costing only $8 with student ID.

Many of the dedicated people who help care for these animals are unpaid volunteers.

One of the Docents, Jacqie Rollins, also a Wildlife Science student here at ERAU, has a high opinion of their volunteer program: “I love working at the zoo as a docent and we are always looking for more volunteers!”

For more information, Rollins suggests to “check our website [www.heritageparkzoo.org] and shoot us an email [info@heritageparkzoo.org],” as the volunteers are always excited to help others learn more about what they do. 


Global Affairs Club

By James Ritchey

The Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) Global Affairs Club (GAC) is an organization perfect for anyone looking to enhance their skills in speaking, writing, debate, research, and networking.

GAC attends multiple Model United Nations and Model NATO conferences each semester, which are hosted by universities around the country.

At these conferences, club members act as a delegate of a nation, working with delegates representing other nations to tackle major relevant world problems.

Conferences take place in locales such as Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and Washington, D.C. GAC is a great club for Global Security and Intelligence (GSIS) majors, or any student with an interest in international relations: engineering, aviation, and business majors are all represented within the club.

Representing ERAU on an intercollegiate level, GAC has won multiple awards in competitions with students from universities such as UC Berkeley, Stanford, Northeastern University, and the Air Force Academy.

GAC received the first Undergraduate Research Institute (URI) E-Prize grant ever awarded to an organization within the College of Security and Intelligence, and continues to be a face of ERAU’s Security and Intelligence, Engineering, and Aviation programs to other universities nationwide.

Be sure to come out to the Activity Fair and sign up! Contact Marc Rego at [regom@my.erau.edu] with any questions.


The Reality of Field Training

By Isa LoPiccolo-Kleine
Special to Horizons

Field Training is an experience like no other. In order to be selected, you must choose to be a part of the Air Force Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC).

By doing this, you elect to be a part of something greater than yourself.

You choose to strive to become better than who you were yesterday and who you are today.

You strive for excellence. That is why Field Training is like no other experience – you choose to go through something arduous and taxing.

You can leave at any time and end the ordeal, but in doing so, you lose your chance at becoming an Air Force Officer.

There are many different experiences at Field Training, including always being tired and hungry, the thrill of excitement when you learn something new, and the joy of accomplishment when you complete a mission.

The memories I treasure most are the moments my flight or squadron caught up and got to hear how everyone was doing.

Yes, Field Training is rough, but you have people to help you while you’re there.

“Field Training was challenging, because it was designed to be that way. Imagine having mere seconds to shower, change, and run outside, followed by long days out in the Alabama sun learning valuable skills from Air Force personnel that culminate into vivid scenarios and operations that test your leadership to [its] core. Despite the intensity, I departed with fond memories of my fellow cadets, hilarious stories, and a deeper understanding of how one may never realize their full potential until they give 100 percent,” said Peter Hoffend.

A cadet can be evaluated in many ways and through many different activities, including their ability to march a flight from place to place, or attempts to keep their people from getting hit with paintballs.

There are countless occasions in which the training staff are able to evaluate the cadets, but the one thing these trainers need is more time.

Due to the sheer number of cadets in each flight, the overall consensus from those who participated in Field Training was that the amount of time allotted to them to perform up to their usual standard just wasn’t enough. 

“I honestly think [Field Training] should be longer. I didn’t feel like everyone got a fair evaluation, but it is a quick way to learn to become a team and work together,” said Katherine Mosley.  

In Field Training, a special bond forms between each cadet and their flight mates. It helps pull you along through rough patches not only while you’re there, but also once you leave.

The aim of Field Training is to evaluate a cadet’s discipline and leadership abilities while simultaneously helping them grow.

If Air Force ROTC and Field Training sounds like a challenge that you’d like to take on, please visit us in Building 79, or contact Captain Kelsey Smith at [smithk68@erau.edu].  


CSI Faculty Investigate Security in K-12 Schools

By Tom Foley
Assistant Professor of Global Security and Intelligence 

Faculty from the College of Security and Intelligence (CSI), in conjunction with the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and the College of Engineering (COE), are currently performing research to answer a big question: How do we improve security at K-12 schools?

The research is being funded through a $769,000 National Institute of Justice grant awarded to Embry-Riddle last fall and is led by Principal Investigator Professor Tom Foley.

The ultimate goal of the research is the creation of a security buying guide that will help school administrators and principals choose the most cost effective technologies to improve security in their schools.

The CSI is working with the COE to test various door and window barrier technologies and determine how long each technology will delay an intruder.

The researchers will test each product against 9mm, .357, 5.56 x 45 mm, and 12-gauge shotgun ammunition as well as a brute force attack.

The data gathered will help determine the best door and window materials for use in primary and secondary schools.

Often, especially in rural and smaller school districts, school principals or district administrators make the security purchasing decisions, but they have little to no physical security design training and rely on information provided to them by salespeople.

By creating a security buyers guide, the initiative will be able to provide school administrators with unbiased, independent information on the effectiveness of various security technologies.

This should lead to more cost-effective and informed security purchasing decisions that will, in turn, allow cash-strapped schools to make the most valuable use of limited security funds.

As part of this research, experts from the CSI will conduct onsite security surveys of schools throughout Arizona to determine which security technologies are currently being used in schools, the condition of those technologies, and how they are being deployed.

These surveys will create a database of security technologies in use by schools and the condition of those devices for use by policy makers and in future research.

Researchers from the CAS will survey teachers, students, and parents to gather data on how those stakeholders view security in their schools and their perceptions of what additional security is needed.

This data will be compared to the results of the onsite security surveys (which will be performed by board certified security professionals) to learn if there is a disconnect between those stakeholder groups and trained security experts.

This knowledge may be helpful in developing future training programs for parents, students, and teachers.


T2 Residents Displaced

By Vee Glessner
Copy Editor

The buzz around campus is that the new residence hall, T2, is only half-occupied despite the promise of a new fully-inhabited building for incoming and returning students by the start of the fall semester.

Unfortunately, due to unforeseen delays in the construction process, this goal could not be met.

During the summer, the construction crew notified administration that delays would prohibit the building from opening on time.

“It was a tight turnaround with an estimated completion date of Aug.14, and Aug.19 was move-in, so we knew it was super tight,” said Jason Langston, Director of Housing and Residence Life.

“At that time, ERAU directed the construction company to focus on getting the ‘B’ side finalized as soon as possible so students could move in to that half on time.

They agreed and were able to open that half of the building before the freshman class arrived,” says Orientation Leader Lucas Widner.

When Housing found out the building couldn’t be fully opened by the Aug.19 move-in date, they took rooms from side A out of the room selection options to mitigate the inconvenience and achieved a temporary certificate of occupancy for the ‘B’ side.

“We called all of the students to explain what was going on and receive questions. We sent emails, letters, and really tried to over-communicate,” said Langston.

The students that will be housed in the “A” side of the building are temporarily living in Mingus Mountain Halls 3 through 5.

Displaced students are sleeping in the lounge rooms of those Mingus suites, accommodated by temporary privacy doors and the beds that will eventually occupy their rooms in T2.

“Once it was confirmed it was going to be late, we went ahead and converted the lounges in Halls 3 through 5.

The math worked well: students from the ‘A’ side were able to move into 3 through 5 almost exactly, and we were able to keep roommates together,” said Langston.

The freshmen still got to experience the first few weeks adjusting to a new roommate and are housed with other freshmen, which made this the ideal solution.

This unique group of freshmen get to be part of two communities, Mingus and T2, and have the opportunity to make additional friends with the suites they are currently living in.

The construction is projected to be complete in early- to mid-September, with students moving in over the next few weeks.

Housing needs to secure a certificate of occupancy before anyone can move into the new construction and will notify T2A occupants as soon as it is received.

Although some parents were unhappy they couldn’t see their student’s final room before they left campus, displaced students and the residents of suites now housing them are reacting fairly positively, in part due to the way that Housing has handled the situation.

“Everyone has been generally understanding and appreciative that Housing has communicated with them so often and done as much as they could to make the most out of this situation,” says Widner.

Of course, it doesn’t hurt that both parties are being financially compensated for the inconvenience.

When the construction is complete, there will be a transition period where the displaced furniture is moved out of Mingus and into T2.

This process will be executed in waves: about one-third of the T2A furniture is in storage, and the rest is in Mingus with the displaced students.

”We have to move the furniture in, move a third of the people over, then move their furniture,” said Langston.

Then, the Mingus lounges will be re-furnished with the standard accommodations, which Facilities has stored in the meantime.

“I have heard more grumblings from them [Mingus occupants], and I understand that they are not getting the lounge that they expected. We have done lots to mitigate that, including extra money on the dining cards for snacks,” Langston says.

There has also been a microwave placed in the Hall 5 lounge for use by these students.

Though T2 will be occupied in a few weeks, the outside of the building will need a little more time.

The metal paneling meant to be used on the outside was damaged in transit, so more has to be special-ordered.

“There will be some delays on the outside of the building, but nothing that impacts the livability,” Langston reassures us.

The roof is finished and weather-ready; the missing panels are primarily for aesthetic purposes.

Overall, displaced students have had primarily understanding and positive reactions.

For the most part, they’re just excited to move into their new building as soon as it’s finished.

Thanks to communication from Housing and agile accommodations by Facilities, the impact of the construction delay has been minimized.

Featured Features

Out and About: Thumb Butte Hiking

By Oliver Davis

Prescott is a great place to get out and explore the outdoors.

Some of the most beautiful places are just a couple minutes from Embry-Riddle, though students seldom find the time to go out and see nature instead of the inside of their textbooks.

There are plenty of noticeable landmarks that can be seen from campus, like Granite Mountain or the Granite Dells right across the street, but there is one more shape in the skyline that is the most unique.

Thumb Butte stands tall to the south of campus, and its peculiar shape makes it even more distinct.

The most common thing to do in the Thumb Butte area is to hike up to the top of the mini-mountain and take in its breathtaking views.

There are, however, many other hikes that one can do in the same area besides the short yet steep hike to the top.

Thumb Butte sits in the Prescott National Forest, which is home to hundreds of miles of trails available for use.

Many of these trails begin only minutes away from the Thumb Butte parking lot.

The variety of trails allows hikers to choose between a short in-and-out hike that can last less than an hour, or an all-day adventure that could leave you over a thousand feet above Prescott with amazing views of the surrounding Bradshaw Mountains.

The trails are also available for mountain biking and horse riding, so there are plenty of different ways to explore the forest!  

One particular spot offers what is arguably the best view in Prescott.

One can hike up to it, but it is much easier to drive up a long dirt road which goes to what is referred to as the Sierra Prieta lookout.

Follow Thumb Butte road past the parking lot for approximately 3 miles along an extremely bumpy road until coming across views that go for miles beyond Prescott.

There is nothing better than witnessing the sunset from this point where almost nothing could distract from its beauty.

Whether it’s going for a short hike or to see miles of mountains in the distance, a day in the Thumb Butte area is unbeatable.

Final Approach

Camera Science #6: Balance

By Joseph Grosjean
Photographer and Photograph Editor

Last semester we learned the basic principles of taking a photograph, such as light, the aperture, how lenses focus light, and what happens when you press the shutter of a DSL-R camera.

We finished the semester by learning how a light meter works, how to read it, and we even looked at a few examples of how to use it in the real world.

This semester we are going to wrap up the beginner series by looking at some basic composition techniques.

You have already learned one major technique: Depth of Field.

 Depth of field is a really easy way to create some visual interest in your photographs as the technique creates a bit of mystery and makes the image feel a little more three-dimensional.

Another important and fundamental composition technique is called the Rule of Thirds.

This another easy technique the creates visual interest by adjusting the balance of an image and weighting it to one side.

“But Joseph, how am I supposed to add weight to a digital photograph? I can’t exactly glue lead weights to my prints like in the days of film.” 

The balance that I am talking about is not a physical one, but rather an imaginary one. Look at the image:

Which way are your eyes drawn? To the left because that is where I wanted you to look.

What did I do to make you look there? I blurred the rest of the image using the Depth of Field technique, so you would ignore the background and foreground, leaving the subject as the most detailed and different looking object in the scene.

But why draw you to the left? Why not leave the subject in the center? You place the subject off center to generate visual interest. 

No one wants to look at a boring photograph. 

To counteract the weight of the subject, a large area of negative space (area without much visual interest) is added.

Even though the negative space is lighter, with enough of it the image becomes balanced.

Remember, positive space is typically darker, heavier, and contains the subject.

Negative space is lighter, so more is needed to balance the positive space.

An image that is balanced can convey a feeling of peace while an unbalanced image can leave the viewer unsettled.

This can be extremely useful when trying to convey an emotion through a photograph, but this is beyond the scope of this article.

Now coming full circle to the start of the article, the Rule of Thirds.

Break your image into thirds both horizontally and vertically so you have nine rectangles.

Placing the subject along one of the two vertical lines is a safe bet.

The intersection points are a great place to put the focus of the subject like an eye if you are doing a portrait.

So take a look at some photographs and see if you can spot the rule of thirds in any of them.

Look at some of your own photos and see if you were using this technique without realizing it. 

Next issue we’ll learn how to give a constructive criticism to a variety of photographs, so we can improve our own picture as well as others.

Final Approach

Column of Whatever

By John Mills
Diversions Editor

The 2018-2019 school year is starting, and I want, in my own way, to welcome the new students to campus. And since I have my own little box to stand on, I can do just that.

So I present to you the Salty Senior’s Guide for Freshmen. Buckle up kiddos, your year is about to be nothing like any college movie.

The first thing to know as a freshman is that everyone will lovingly blame all of the school’s problems on you.

It doesn’t matter if it’s not-great dining hall food, their own bad grades, or boring professors; somehow, it is your fault.

Hang in there though, because by the time the spring semester comes around, they’ll be back to blaming it on “the administration,” that amorphous, poorly understood blob of bureaucrats that is actually responsible for all their ills.

The second important lesson is that you won’t get to the classes relevant to your major for quite some time, especially if you’re an engineer.

For all you Aerospace Engineering, Aero majors, guess what? You won’t even be looking at something shaped like an actual airplane until your junior year at the earliest.

Buckle up for idealized wings that are more rectangle than anything, and more unnecessary background knowledge than you thought possible.

Global Security and Intelligence Studies majors, it’s not going to be that different.

Prepare to slog through courses that give you the background and skills you need to not fail when your Intelligence Analysis, Writing, and Briefing professor has you prepare and deliver a twenty minute brief on a subject you’ve spent the last week frantically putting material together for.

The third lesson is that Riddle is not like real (re: big) universities.

Due to a relatively small, and incredibly specialized population, many of the things that could be expected at say, CalTech, Harvey Mudd, or MIT, much less ASU or any other state school, are not present.

Switching majors here is hard because none of the colleges have any overlap: switching from Global Security to Engineering or vice versa will set you back at least a year from your projected graduation date.

That being said: if you’re unhappy in your major, talk to your friends and advisors and see what the best move is.

Fourth, and perhaps most important is that you find something to do that is not schoolwork. They say everyone needs a hobby, and it’s more or less true.

That hobby should somehow involve other people. It’s all too easy to sit in your room, go to class, get food, and go back to the room, and never really talk or interact with anyone.

There’s a ton of clubs on campus, so go find one and find something to do.

You have the rest of your life to ignore other people, don’t let the four years of easy socializing disappear behind you without taking part.

Freshmen, your years here are likely to be many things: difficult, maddening, frustrating, hilarious, enjoyable, and full of friendships you don’t get outside of an academic setting.

Make the most of it now, or you’ll wish you had when you graduate. I’m walking across the stage in just a few months, and it’s all gone by too fast.

If nothing else, don’t just treat these years as stepping stones to a career, because they can be so much more.

Final Approach

Sports Update


Hope International Tournament (Fullerton, Calif.)

15 August 

ERAU 3 – 2 Northwest University

The ERAU Women’s Volleyball team opened their season at the Hope International Tournament, facing a challenging schedule.

Out of the three matches of the tournament, the Eagles would be facing two opponents who are nationally ranked or receiving votes in the top 25.

In their first game against the 24th-ranked Northwest University, ERAU staged a comeback and secured victory in five sets.

In the first set, no team ever held a lead of larger than three points.

After being down most of the game, the Eagles rallied to make up their small deficit and tied the game at 23 with a kill from Caylee Robalin.

However, Northwest managed to find an initial 23-25 win. In the second set, ERAU started strong with a 9-2 run to take an early lead.

They managed to hold that momentum throughout the set, tying the match with a 25-16 win.

The third set echoed the first, with ERAU keeping pace with Northwest, but ultimately falling 20-25.

A fiercely competitive fourth set ensued, as the Eagles battled back from a 8-12 deficit to take a small lead.

That small lead proved to be enough to keep ERAU in the match and force a fifth set, as kills from Erin Clark and Caylee Robalin finished the set for a 25-23 win.

In a decisive fifth set, several lead changes led to ERAU taking a time out while down 9-10.

A kill from Erin Clark and an ace by Robalin gave the Eagles an 11-10 lead and forward momentum.

After Northwest tied the score at 11, two block errors and a final kill from Sharik Joseph gave the Eagles a great victory to open their season.

15 August 

ERAU 3 – 1 College of Idaho 

After their victory over Northwest, the Eagles looked to continue their momentum against the College of Idaho Coyotes, ranked seventh nationally.

The Eagles fell behind early in the first set and never recovered. Despite coming within one point of the Coyotes twice, at 16-17 and at 19-20, C of I managed to push forward, taking a 20-25 win.

In the second set, the Eagles got some forward momentum, breaking out of a 7-7 tie to slowly grow their lead.

An attack error by the Coyotes and a kill from Caylee Robalin tied the match 1-1 as the Eagles took the second set 25-19.

This gave ERAU the momentum they needed, and they never looked back. In the third set, the Eagles quickly went up 13-3.

Despite the Coyotes being able to capitalize on some errors, ERAU still came out on top 25-23.

The fourth set was much more hard fought, as neither team held a lead greater than two points past the first few plays.

A key block by Audrey Baldwin and Sharik Joseph briefly broke the stalemate and gave the Eagles a 19-17 lead while forcing a C of I timeout.

The standoff continued to a tie at 25-25, until Jalin Yoder and Caylee Robalin finished off the match with two kills to earn a 27-25 victory.

16 August 

ERAU 3 – 0 Warner Pacific 

On the second day of the tournament, ERAU continued its winning ways against Warner Pacific in their first match of the day.

From the beginning, the Eagles were dominant, taking the first set with a score of 25-14.

The second set played out similarly, with WPU reeling from relentless attack from the Eagles while making several errors.

Looking to finish off the Knights with a quick final set, ERAU started off the third set strongly, going up 12-6.

WPU fought back slowly, but ERAU kept their lead at about five points for most of the set.

However, a series of errors quickly allowed WPU to close that distance, as they fought to tie the game at 22-22.

The Knights saw hope as they briefly led the Eagles 22-23, but a kill and an ace from Caylee Robalin pushed the Eagles to a 27-25 victory.

16 August 

ERAU 1 – 3 Vanguard University of Southern California 

The Eagles faced a similarly-ranked team in their final road trip match, and took the first set offensively to set the pace.

Playing well on both offense and defense, ERAU took the first set 25-22. However, after that set, the Eagles were unable to find that same offensive power.

The match tied 1-1 after the Eagles dropped the second set 19-25, and never recovered. VUSC maintained their momentum in the third set with a 17-25 win.

In the fourth set, the Eagles saw some hope for recovery as they kept pace with the Lions in the first parts of the set.

However, after the game was tied 9-9, the Lions pushed ahead and never looked back, taking match victory with a 18-25 set win.


Vacation Review: Sunny San Diego, California

By Reece Cabanas
Chief Distribution Officer

Let’s face it: even us college students need to unwind occasionally, and what better way to do so than with a nice getaway vacation?

If you’ve never been out to California before or are tired of places like Los Angeles and San Francisco, San Diego should be on your list.

It’s hard to narrow down a list of things to do in my own home city, but this past summer I decided to explore what really makes this area appealing to the average visitor.

Included are things to do not only in downtown but the greater San Diego area as well.

To begin, the beaches. In the summer, the San Diego coast is a huge must. Aside from being packed with locals and visitors, this is where the term “sunny San Diego” really shines through.

You’ll find people swimming, surfing, paddle boarding, bodyboarding, scuba diving, kayaking, jet skiing and more along the shoreline. 

There are numerous spots in particular you can look up, though my personal favorite is La Jolla Shores.

Depending where you go, in-ground bonfire pits are also available for those who want some warmth next to the water.

Next, Mission Bay: perhaps the biggest water recreation area aside from San Diego Bay. 

You can rent jet skis, boats, kayaks, paddle boards, and even take a ferry ride across.

And of course, San Diego Bay: for starters, the USS Midway museum is a must for military enthusiasts as you can walk through the decommissioned aircraft carrier’s interior and on top of the flight deck.

The museum pays homage to the carrier’s history, San Diego’s naval background, and those who have and continue to serve. 

Boat rentals are also available for sightseeing, special day cruises, parties, and off-shore fishing trips. Occasionally, large cruise liners will even pull into port.

Next, Belmont Park. Think of the famous Santa Monica Pier, but less crowded and there’s no pier.

Located next to the ocean and Mission Bay, this small amusement park is perfect for some good vibes and good times with friends or loved ones. 

Not sure what to do? There’s an arcade, mini golf, laser tag, rock climbing, rides, and carnival food.

And if you get tired of all that, you can go for a swim or ride a bike along the boardwalk.

Next, Balboa Park. It is perhaps one of the more exquisite works of architecture in the city, dating back to the year 1915 when the Panama-California Exposition was held here.

There is a giant fountain, an enormous outdoor organ pavilion, botanical garden, reflecting pool, and a replica old globe theater among other notable sites. 

Fun fact: the Embry-Riddle Golden Eagles Flight Team was inducted into the San Diego International Air and Space Museum’s Hall of Fame just last November.

The museum is one of 18 located throughout the park, with free admission on certain days of the month.

Next, the San Diego Zoo! It houses a variety of animals and is located right next to Balboa Park. It is one of the largest in the nation, housing both local and exotic creatures. 

For those old enough to legally consume alcohol, San Diego’s Gaslamp District is filled with local microbreweries and nightclubs.

Conveniently located next to Petco Park (where the Padres play), the Horton Plaza mall, convention center, and a ton of music venues within walking distance, the famous gas lamps represent the heart of the city and its nightlife.

These places are just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to exploring San Diego.

Even for someone like me who’s lived there my entire life, I’ll always find something new to do or see.

Being a decent 8-hour drive from Prescott, Arizona, this city is well worth a trip or two.

Featured Features